Periodontal disease, or gum disease, refers to the variety of ailments that can affect the gums, bones and supporting tissues of the mouth, causing them to become sensitive, swollen, infected, or even abscessed. If you have bad breath, pain in your gums, bleed during and/or after brushing your teeth, or your gums are receding, contact Capital Dentistry to schedule a visit with a periodontal specialist today.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease:
- Sensitive, swollen or tender gums
- Gums that bleed during or after brushing
- Bad breath, even after brushing your teeth
- Receding gum line
- Loose teeth
Causes of Gum Disease
Periodontal disease can be caused by the accumulation of tartar that contains harmful bacteria and can be worsened by contributing factors such as smoking, substance abuse, poor nutrition, hormones, stress, genetics, or on having a health condition like diabetes, cancer or AIDS.
Left untreated, the accumulation of tartar can cause gingivitis, which is a mild gum disease, or periodontitis, which is a more serious condition. Periodontitis often results in tooth loss due to the deterioration of tissue, gum, and bone, which can be caused by an infection or abscess.
Prevention of Gum Disease
Having a good oral health routine that includes flossing, brushing and rinsing with mouthwash, combined with seeing a dentist regularly for routine check-ups are proactive ways to help prevent gum disease.
Treatment of Gum Disease
Treatment usually starts with a hygiene appointment that includes the non-surgical removal of tartar and plaque in the form of scaling, above and under the gum, as well as root planing. Root planing is a deeper cleaning that’s done under sedation.
Gum disease is fairly common and the prognosis for slowing or stopping its progression is good. After treatment, it’s important that you follow your Capital Dentistry dentist’s directives concerning diet, exercise, medications and habits. Most important, is that you develop and maintain a healthy oral care routine.